Collectivization


Collectivization
   The policy of collectivization was promoted in the Soviet Union by Josef Stalin from 1929 onwards, and involved the forcible elimination of small-scale peasant farming and its replacement by a system of large communal farms to which all peasants had to belong. The aim was to create a more efficient agricultural sector able to produce more food, accumulate capital and with fewer workers, so increasing labor available to industry. In addition, collectivization was in keeping with anti-individualist, pro-communal Marxist ideology. The policy was also intended to eliminate conservative and even bourgeois traits within the peasantry, replacing them with a revolutionary communist spirit. Collectivization was extended to China and Eastern Bloc countries after World War II, but in the Soviet Union, China and the Eastern Bloc it was not a success.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • collectivization — (Amer.) col·lec·tiv·i·zation || kə‚lektɪvaɪ zeɪʃn n. nationalization; communal settlement; implementation of collectivism (also collectivisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • collectivization — See collectivize. * * * ▪ agricultural policy       policy adopted by the Soviet government, pursued most intensively between 1929 and 1933, to transform traditional agriculture (agricultural economics) in the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet… …   Universalium

  • Collectivization —    The decision by the Soviet leadership to force the Soviet peasantry into collective and state farms between 1929 and 1932 was executed at a terrible price. More than half the farm animals in the country were killed by peasants refusing to… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • collectivization — noun see collectivize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • collectivization — noun The act of collectivizing …   Wiktionary

  • collectivization — col·lec·ti·vi·za·tion …   English syllables

  • collectivization — noun the organization of a nation or economy on the basis of collectivism • Syn: ↑collectivisation • Derivationally related forms: ↑collectivise (for: ↑collectivisation), ↑collectivize • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Collectivization in the Soviet Union — was a policy pursued under Stalin between 1928 and 1940. The goal of this policy was to consolidate individual land and labour into collective farms (Russian: колхоз, kolkhoz, plural kolkhozy). The Soviet leadership was confident that the… …   Wikipedia

  • Collectivization in the People's Republic of Poland — was a policy pursued during the Stalinist period, from 1948 till the liberalization of 1956. Poland was the only country of the Eastern Bloc where large scale collectivization was a failure. Legacy of the collectivization in Poland was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Collectivization in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic — Holodomor topics Historical background Famines in Russia and USSR · Soviet famine of 1932–1933 Soviet government Institutions: All Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) · Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine · …   Wikipedia